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There are many different Psychotherapy approaches. Some of these therapeutic approaches have stood the test of time, such as person-centered therapy (Rogerian therapy). The approaches, methods, and techniques we incorporate are evidence-based and grounded in research.

We are not able to endorse or disapprove of any type of therapy - instead, we prefer an approach that promotes awareness and the use of universally accepted ‘elements of good therapy’ that can be found across therapy types. Elements of ethical, good therapy are widely seen as common denominators that are present in all forms of healthy, ethical therapy.

A description of these elements follows (adapted information, with acknowledgement to

An element of ethical, good therapy is nonpathologizing therapy
We view a person as more than his or her ‘problems’ or experienced challenges. This does not mean problems do not exist, it simply means one does not view the ‘problems’ as defining the individual or whole person. Working nonpathologically requires a shift in both the understanding and the approach to pathology.

In our experience, most of the issues people want to address in therapy are not organic disorders — “they are not hardware problems, they are software problems” (, June 2017). These issues are mostly the result of the person’s psyche doing the best it can to deal with life challenges and experiences — to assist the individual to adapt and survive, and to prevent the person from getting hurt again. There are some “disorders” that are purely organic in etiology (meaning a ‘hardware problem’ that is genetic, biochemical, or neurological), such as certain forms and instances of psychotic and mood disorders. However, the nonorganic ‘problems’ people bring to therapy, which are often labelled as disorders, are mostly systemic psychological responses. The word disorder is seen as inadequate and misleading. Furthermore, being ‘labelled’ with a “disorder” can provoke feelings of shame and inadequacy and make some people feel worse.

The nonpathologizing approach implies that the treatment of a ‘software problem’ requires curiosity and compassion to undo the organized response to hurt and suffering. Treatment of a ‘software problem’ does NOT warrant psychological amputation — this is what the medical model, in general, does to pathology. When a registered psychologist assists a client in ‘getting rid of a symptom’ instead of exploring its depths, the therapist may be overlooking the client’s opportunity to heal. There is a place for both the medical model and nonpathologizing model, when used ethically and correctly.

An element of ethical, good therapy is empowering the client
We believe that a person has the capacity to change and is equipped with the inner resources to change, even if they choose not to. The notion of therapy is grounded in the belief that people can heal if they wish to, and if they are able to contribute sufficiently to their own necessary growth.
Unfortunately, the tendency in medical model treatment environments, to view people as fundamentally flawed, blemishes the more balanced, holistic view of a person being capable of change. We endeavour to see beyond a person's wounds and defences, to connect and discover our clients’ true nature. Some people may not be able to overcome their difficulties and heal in their lifetime, but the registered therapist should not become an additional barrier.

An element of ethical, good therapy is collaboration and a co-construction of knowledge
Collaborative therapy can be established when a registered psychologist encourages their client to become the co-therapist. Registered psychologists who work collaboratively trust people to know themselves, or to have the potential to know themselves better than anyone else. We co-construct, in collaboration with our client, the knowledge of who they are, who they want to be and what they want for their life. This approach puts the client in the driver's seat of their therapy. The method of collaboration and co-construction is not directionless, nor does it put a person at risk of further trauma.

An element of ethical, good therapy entails focus
Therapy is generally wholly focused on the client. It is true that registered psychologists commonly love working with people and tend to be empathic and big-hearted. Facilitating a psychotherapy session is gratifying for most therapists – we are honoured to be part of the healing process and are rewarded by being present during some of our clients’ greatest aha-moments, freeing-moments, and transformations. The focus of the session and interventions is on the client and on being fully there for them, within that session.

Another element of ethical, good therapy is addressing the person in therapy's needs, not the therapist's needs
Addressing the person in therapy's needs, and not the therapist's needs, is the focus of good therapy. It should be acknowledged that some emotional needs of registered psychologists are met during the therapy process. Like their clients, psychologists’ needs vary, but stem from the same issues that many people have struggled with: to feel powerful, smart, appreciated, ‘good’, loved, seen, in control, etc. When a psychologist's psychological needs are met in therapy at the expense of a client, it damages the therapy process. Therefore, registered psychologists are not allowed to work when they are not emotionally ‘stable’ (HPCSA Code of Conduct for Psychologists). Those therapists are encouraged to see their own psychologist and to participate in their own therapy. Addressing the person in therapy's needs, not the therapist's, is the focus of good therapy.

An element of ethical, good therapy is the acknowledgement and consideration of the Self
Self is a state of being that a therapist can embody when working with people in therapy. Richard Schwartz, a famous psychologist, defined self as a state of calm, curiosity, compassion, creativity, confidence, courage, connectedness, and clarity. Self is considered an essential element of good therapy, because it is this state that allows a registered psychologist to work collaboratively with a client, without pushing, pathologizing, or retraumatizing.

A further element of ethical, good therapy is the quality of the relationship
The realm of the psychologist-client relationship extends beyond the techniques and theory underlying the therapeutic process. The human-to-human connection between the psychologist and client provides the foundation for change. This relationship becomes the safe house that allows one to more fully and completely explore and feel the presence of Self while in the presence of another. A therapist who embodies Self and feels unconditional positive regard in the face of whatever the client may be experiencing, nurtures the therapeutic relationship.

Depth as element of ethical, good therapy
In therapy sessions, we often need to "go deeper”. There seems to be division in the mental health field between the types of therapy that accentuate cognitive solutions and those that emphasize emotional and/or body-oriented healing. Debates are encouraged within all scientific fields and are important for scientific progress. Both these perspectives are vital in healing per se. Healing does take more than just cognitive insight into a problem, or superficial behavioural change. To facilitate healing, we may want to explore the depth of the wounds that fuel our worldview, beliefs, feelings, and behaviours, instead of turning away from our pain, or compensating for our agony. When we counter and run away from our deeper suffering, we may experience "more of the same”, which often leads to more unresolved misery.

Also, healing requires feeling. Many of our beliefs, feelings, and behaviours are maintained because we have avoided the painful wounds and burdens that prowl beneath, in order to survive. Good, ethical therapy helps people to process whatever wounds they have sheltered through the years. Facilitating therapy without “going deep” can be like covering up a wound without taking the bullet out; the wound is more likely to remain sore, become infected, and require ongoing attention. This does not mean that there is no place for brief or short-term therapy interventions, when needed.
Addressing the cause of pain is not always easy and may take some time. Carl Jung described this as follows: "Enlightenment consists not merely in the seeing of luminous shapes and visions, but in making the darkness visible. The latter procedure is more difficult and therefore, unpopular."

Good, ethical therapy acknowledges that therapy is imperfect
Striving towards ethical, good therapy does not imply therapy or the therapy process will be perfect. In the same way that a good marriage or relationship is not without hiccups or problems, ethical, good therapy will not always be free of difficulties. No registered psychologist is perfect, and the therapy process will not run smoothly or be provided ‘perfectly’, no matter how ideal a therapy may be in theory. Even those psychologists who do the best they can to be conscious of their and their client’s inner world and who are attuned to the therapeutic process, have facets of themselves and their clients that they are unaware of, and mistakes they make, as all information about the context and influences are not known.
Good, ethical therapy is the sum of all the experiences, internal and external, occurring because of the imperfect psychotherapy process. Therapy, though imperfect, generally leads toward higher self-awareness, personal growth, and the release of extreme feelings, energies, and beliefs. Even the best of psychological interventions can be wrinkled with areas of unawareness, mistakes, and challenges to the therapeutic relationship, yet still turn out to be positive and meaningful. A solid repair you make in a relationship, inside or outside of therapy, improves the connection and deepens the trust.

Good, ethical therapy realizes and acknowledges that Sometimes We Can't Help
As registered psychologists, we are limited. We greet the people we work with, with positivity and hope. We have spent countless years studying to be able to register in our profession, doing our own inner work, mastering our methods and technique, and learning to fully “be” with the people who seek our services. Yet, there are times the registered psychologist cannot help.
We believe a good, ethical therapist seldom gives up hope that a person can heal in this lifetime, but we also recognize that he or she may not be the one to help, that the time may not be right, or that the person may not be therapeutically ready for the change. Good, ethical therapy entails letting go of expectations and outcomes for ourselves and the wonderful person(s) we work with, without giving up hope.

We utilise a client-fit approach that incorporates the following methods and techniques, where and when needed:
  • Narrative Therapy
  • The Solution focused approach
  • Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy (REBT)
  • Client-Centred Therapy (Rogerian Therapy)
  • Hypnotherapy
  • Play Therapy
  • Bibliotherapy
  • Psychotherapy
  • Psychodynamic Therapy
  • Energy Psychology
  • Positive Psychology
  • Bio-Ecosystemic Approach
  • Dream Analysis
  • Gestalt Therapy
  • Guided Therapeutic Imagery
  • Trauma Debriefing
  • Reality Therapy
  • Transactional Analysis
  • Sand Tray Therapy
  • Parental Guidance and interventions
  • Small Group Workshops (Psycho-educational)
  • Asset-Based Approach​